There are numerous ways that an athlete can become overtrained

There are numerous ways that an athlete can become overtrained. It is important that all athletes know the symptoms of overtraining to prevent it. The key to preventing overtraining is to meet your bodies metabolic needs for the amount of stress you put on it. This stress is not only limited to physical stress, but also general life stresses (Hackney and Koltun 638). I was once overtrained and when overtraining gets to a chronic level, it is very hard and confusing to figure out what is wrong. Your body throws you many different psychological and physical signals when it is overtrained. I chose to write on the topic of overtraining because it is a frustrating condition that is often overlooked. You put in all the work but make minimal gains out of it (Hackney and Koltun 638). Preventing overtraining is important for the efficiency of an athlete in and off the court.
Overtraining is when an athlete trains intensely for longer than the body can handle. This condition can occur from various reasons. A few examples of situations that can cause overtraining are poor nutrition, illness and overworking. All of which make it harder to recover from intense training (Longe, 2012). Overworking may seem like a no brainer, but you can be overworked from many other things other than training. Training while overworked can decrease muscle mass and condition instead of increasing it. There are many different symptoms of overtraining, all of which are important for an athlete to know to maximise their athletic potential. Symptoms include but are not limited to fatigue, loss of motivation, problems with the digestive tract, irritability, and higher risk of illness. The symptoms vary from person to person (Hackney and Koltun 638).
These symptoms are important for an athlete to recognize so they can re-adjust their training program before they develop long-term overtraining. Sean Richardson believes that an athlete and their coaches ability to detect these “warning signals” is important to the prevention of overtraining (Sean Richardson, 2008). These early symptoms are a sign of short-term overtraining. This form of overtraining is minor and can be resolved within a couple days of quality rest. This is the period to resolve the problem before it causes overtraining syndrome. When a person reaches the long-term overtraining level, more symptoms of greater severity occur. The fatigue experienced in workouts now becomes present throughout everyday life. At this stage there are also problems with mood and other psychological problems. It is a lot harder to recover from long-term overtraining than short-term overtraining. Recovery can take from a couple of weeks to months after a person has developed long-term overtraining (Longe, 2012).
In my own experience, the time it takes to recover after overtraining is what makes it difficult to recover. It’s like a cycle