Leonardo DA Vinci, and The human anatomy
In writing this report I hope to find out how Leonardo Da Vinci, contributed to the medical world. What he did that may have helped us in Madison today? To do this, one must first know what Leonardo Da Vinci, wanted and at the time he wanted it. Dearing this time most information came from the Bible or through the writings of other scientists. Experimentations were not really conducted, and if they were, they were thought of as wrong or incorrect. But Da Vinci knew throw experimentation came answers, throw answers came information, throw information came knowledge. He knew with this knowledge he could find out so much more about the world he lived in. “Leonardo Da Vinci was born on April 15th, 1452 in Vinci, Italy during a time known as the Renaissance” (Cool Kid Facts), “he was born out of wedlock the son of Sir Piero from Vinci. Not much is known about Da Vinci’s youth. He spent his first five-years in Tuscany near Florence, after that he lived in the household of his father, and grandparents. His father San Pierro, married a number of different times only to end in divorce, but he finally met and married a lady from a wealthy family where 5-year old Da Vinci was a welcome addition”(History.com Staff). As a child, Da Vinci was very smart with a big talent for math. His early schooling was done at home in Vinci, where he lived on a big estate with his new stepmother, his father, and several of his brothers and sisters, and his Uncle Francesco, who was a farmer and nature lover. Young Da Vinci spent a great deal of time with his uncle working outdoors and drawing. When Da Vinci was just a young teen he began a long apprenticeship with the artist Andrea del Verrocchio in Florence, There “he learned a lot of different technical skills, including leather arts, carpentry, drawing, metalworking” (Cool Kid Facts).
Furthermore, Da Vinci was a sculptor, planner, and an inventor, but what a lot of people don’t know is that one part of the world that Leonardo Da Vinci contributed a considerable amount of time to, was the medical world. One area that he paid particular attention to, was the human anatomy. During his life, Leonardo Da Vinci study corpses, both unhealthy and healthy, he did this to better understand how the human body worked. “Others, such as Plato and Aristotle had studied the topic too, but Da Vinci was one of the first to give both correct drawings and reports of the anatomy. This is shown in Da Vinci’s drawings of the Vitruvian Man”(Medical Impact). “The Vitruvian Man is a drawing of a man who is standing in the middle of a circle and a square” (Medical Impact). This man is shown in two different positions, which shows an exact depiction of the parts of the human body. The Vitruvian Man is just one page in a notebook that was full of information about the human body.
Although Da Vinci was thought of as a grate Panter, he was also a military man, he designed weapons, invented the bicycle constructed the first inflatable tube that floated on the water. He spent more time losing himself in nature, testing scientific laws, and finding out about human anatomy. Around the early 1490s, Da Vinci started filling notebooks, these notebooks covered topics like painting, design, motion, force and human anatomy, he wrote and draw thousands of pages on these topics, and they were incredibly illustrated. Other notebooks contained Da Vinci’s studies of the reproductive systems. But because no one was really aware of the notebooks and what information was in them around that time, Da Vinci’s work didn’t have a lot of influence on scientific advancement in the Renaissance time. However, Leonardo Da Vinci hoped that his drawing and notes would be of use one day in the medical field. Or did he? Most of his writing and notes he had written were written backwards, leaving many people to thank that maybe Da Vinci wanted to keep his recordings private, others thank it’s because he was left-handed, we may never really know for sure why Da Vinci did this, but we do know it was a way for him to keep up with the many ideas he had. However he may have wanted these notebooks used, these books never really got noticed until around the 1900s. Da Vinci’s notebooks were full of notes he had written and drawings he had kept, he had recorded many of his ideas and had taken notes on much of his work throughout his life. In one notebook passage, he states “First I shall make some experiments before I proceed further because my intention is to seek experience first and then by means of reasoning show why such experiment is bound to work in such a way” (The UnMuseum ). This shows the scientific method he used before it was invented, it appears he was taking lab notes.
Nevertheless, Da Vinci’s, early studies of the anatomy were mainly with the skeleton and muscles, even at the beginning, Da Vinci combined anatomy with physiological research. From observing the fixed form of the body, Da Vinci begins to study the individual parts of the body and the mechanical activity of the body. This led him finally to the study of the internal organs, he looked into the brain, heart, and lungs. “His findings from these studies were recorded in the famous anatomical drawings, which are among the most significant achievements of science”(Heinrich). The drawings are based on a connection between natural and abstract drawings he showed parts of the body in clear layers that showed insight into the organs. One such organ was the thyroid gland, Da Vinci filled notebooks over the course of three-decades some of these notes were about the thyroid gland, it took him many years of study before understanding the thyroid’s function, “Da Vinci wrote in one of his notebooks, “These glands are made to fill the interval where the muscles are lacking and hold the artery away from the neck bones as though they were a cushion” (Columbia Thyroid Center). All though we know today this was not quite right, Da Vinci was still the first to draw the thyroid and define the thyroid as an organ. The notes and drawing he illustrated in these notebooks in time have helped others to better understand the function of the thyroid.
Leonardo Da Vinci was so many things, he was a thinker, sculptor, planner, inventor, artist, engineer, poet, he studied mathematics, science, astronomy, music, architecture, and religion. It doesn’t stop there, he wrote theories keep notes came up with new ideas he loved knowledge and research. He was one of the most brilliant men of his time, and his work is still being studied, used and researched today.
Leonardo DA Vinci, and The human anatomy