[intro 5Ws – context]Canada’s ambitious decision to invade Vimy

intro 5Ws – contextCanada’s ambitious decision to invade Vimy, France during WWI was without a doubt a nationalistic moment that shaped Canada through the birth of a nation, the impact it had on warfare and other after effects. On April 9, 1917 the first wave of over 20,000 Canadian Corps were given orders to seize Vimy Ridge. The three day long victory however came at the cost of 3,598 Canadian lives and another 7,000 wounded. Canadians accomplished what others had tried to do for over three years in a mere three days by simulating the conditions of Vimy Ridge. In addition, the Canadians advanced behind the “creeping barrage,” liberating the ridge with the help of lieutenant-general Sir Arthur Currie.

birth of a nationFirstly, the victory resulted in the Germans referring to Canadian soldiers as “Stormtroopers,” signifying the start of Canada’s transition to become an independent nation. During his time as Governor-General David Johnson advocated the opinion of many historians and Canadians stating, “The Battle of Vimy Ridge marked ‘the birth of a nation’ for Canada.” Canada’s independent existence was not only recognized by the Germans, however it was recognized by all countries; especially those who had failed to successfully occupy the ridge such as The United States, France and Britain.

effects on warfare Other effects the Battle of Vimy Ridge brought was changing the tide of the war. This was the first time all four divisions of the Canadian Corps fought together. This lead to tighter relationships between Canadian soldiers, and the boost of morale for the allied forces. In addition, the this was the first time a Canadian commanding officer, Sir Arthur Currie was given a lead role in a battle adding to Canada’s reputation. The battle of Vimy Ridge affected all future wars as Currie brought Canada recognition by extensively preparing troops, redefining the creeping barrage and topographic maps, all being used today in Afghanistan.

other after effects of the battle Adding on, four Canadian soldiers were awarded the Victoria Cross, Private William Milne, Lance-Sergeant Ellis Sifton, Private John Pattison and Captain Thain MacDowell,
. Furthermore, by the end of the war Canada signed the Treaty of Versailles and joined the League of Nations attaining its goal for global recognition and sovereignty. After the battle The Canadian National Vimy Memorial was unveiled in July 26, 1936 to commemorate all Canadian Expeditionary Force members killed during the First World War. The memorial was only one of two historic sites outside of Canada showing that other had recognized their endeavours
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