i. Look at a particular development/ proposal within Tasmania and consider the political, economic, social and environmental factors.
On the Picturesque East Coast of Tasmania, a gargantuan multi-million-dollar eco-resort redevelopment of a 3185-hectare Cambria Estate at Dolphin Sands north of Swansea, has become a hot rising controversial topic. The luxury resort is planned to include 70 villas, 240 units, a 120-floor luxury hotel with an organic bistro, 2 golf courses, palliative care unit, a village and an airstrip to facilitate The Royal Flying Doctor Service. The redevelopment will impact many factors:
The main political factors in the redevelopment of the Cambria Estate is the China and Tasmania relationship as since the Australia Government has strengthened the Affiliation with the Chinese Government since the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding to increase tourism cooperation. To promote Chinese tourists to come to Australia. Also, previously with the President Xi-Jinping coming to Tasmania. The Tasmania government has chosen to target China and Hong Kong their priority markets in the Asian region for tourism. As China has become Tasmania’s largest investor. The redevelopment has been seen to heighten the relationship. Other political factors are new road improvements.
The main economic factor is tourism. Tourism in Tasmania contributes to $2.3 Billion dollars a year, approximately around 9% the economy (Tas). Tasmania in starting to become progressively popular for visitors with 1.28 million visitors coming last year to the state. Just in the East Coast region approximately 377,600 visitors visited there. With between 2012 to 2015 there was a 281.6% increase in tourists from china. As the resort overlooks Wineglass bay it will be a huge cash cow as around 300,000 tourists visit there every year.
The social factors that the redevelopment will impact is a rise in jobs and population. With The region’s Mayor Michael Kent saying that the resort will do wonders to the community, bringing the youth back due to the growth in jobs it will bring. As the average age of the population of East Coast, Tasmania being 65. It will help rise the population, but by doing so will impact the lifestyles of the residents, who are prone to some quiet, close, small towns with little traffic.
The redevelopment will impact the regions biodiversity as the areas around the resort provide ideal breading grounds and habitats for endangered species. The Moulting Lagoon reserve found close by above Dolphin Sands has thirteen plant species which are listed under the Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 and is also special due to the cultural heritage of Aboriginal tribes. Around the Cambria Estate in the 2km radius there have been 31 registered aboriginal sites. As the redevelopment will being large numbers of tourists, it has the risk of changing our unique, cherished wildlife and sites. By pollution, destroying of habitat and traffic.
ii. What would be the different prospective of different political parties?
As the Liberal’s ideology is conservative this means they agree highly on the private ownership of land, support and favour free enterprise and personal wealth. The Liberal’s are keen on the redevelopment knowing it will strengthen ties and trade between china. With their many cases previously when the Chinese have done political donations. For the redevelopment in Dolphin Sands the Greens have accused the Tasmanian government of agreeing and ignoring other Asian trading partners for China ahead of Tasmania’s fourth trade delegations and after the visit from President Xi-Jinping. The Greens have a different view on this slamming the proposition and saying that the increase of foreign ownership of Tasmania has starting raise concerns of food security, sovereignty and the influence of China after a Chinese Communist Party-Linked group formed with Cassey O’Conner commenting, “It’s about the strategic imperatives of the Chinese Communist Party and it’s about the importance of Australia and Tasmania making sure that the relationship is a healthy and robust and mutually respectful relationship where we stand up and we say sure, invest here. But on our terms.” Also commenting, “We will not be the useful idiots for the Chinese Communist Party. We will come into this place and defend Tasmania’s sovereignty, our food security, our way of life and our cultural identity every single day of the week.”
iii. What’s in it for the people of Tasmania?
For the residents who live in that area there are countless benefits due to the redevelopment. One of them is the Palliative care unit doctors which will help many of the residents as the closest one they have is in Hobart making it easier for terminally ill patients to live close to their homes. The redevelopment will also bring an increase of jobs to the area with the unemployed rate in Tasmania having the highest unemployed rate in 2014. It will help by bringing most of the jobs closer to where they live as many move to Launceston, Hobart or other larger ‘cities’ to work. As visitor accommodation being one of the highest employers. The tourism will also help the small businesses around the area.
iv. What’s in it for the government?
For the government it will gain a boost in economy, tourism and a firmer with China as we rely on the country for a lot. We depend on them for goods and services, in consuming and providing us manufactured goods. As Australia is a country that relies largely on foreign investment to grow. Chinese investment helps the Australia’s economy as many businesses benefit from low interest rates worldwide. This has been driven due to hefty amounts of Chinese savings which are available to lend to Australia. With the Tourism booming in Tasmania, after recent economic analysis showed there was a 17% increase in 2016-2017. It will boost local business economy, which will eventually help the government.
v. What’s in it for other stakeholders?
Stakeholders are referred as, “an individual, group, or organization, who may affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision, activity, or outcome of a project” (Project Management Institute, 2013). The Stakeholders for the redevelopment project is the proposers which are the Cambria Green Agricultural Tourism Management lead by Ronald Hu and Liu Kejing. The benefits of this redevelopment for the team is that they gain a lot of wealth, investment and resources bringing power to their name and open this area up to Chinese tourists. Other stakeholders are the Chinese government, which the management team discussed with on the redevelopment. The government will gain a more secure relationship with Australia unlocking future redevelopment in our country.
vi. What issues would the government need to balance?
The Government will need to balance the issues of making sure that the redevelopment will not overpower and strain the biodiversity and wildlife of the surrounding areas. Making sure that it adheres Biodiversity and Scenic Landscape code. They will also need to still represent the population who voted them in listening to their opinions on the idea of redeveloping the estates as many residents disagree on it while balancing the strong relation with China. Without being influenced of political donations and upcoming delegations with the foreign country.
vii. How does the government deal with issues to deal with tourism. E.g. How councils are set up/ministers responsible
The government deals with issues that deal with tourism in several ways. For the proposition of redeveloping Cambria estate were that the senior executives and planning officers at Glamorgan Spring Bay Council had to secretly discuss the proposition. until the special planning area application was agreed on. After that it was voted on by the council which it won 4 to 3 to progress to the rezoning application change. But many residents of the area got mad due to rushing the proposal and not asking the publics comment on it. Later on, the council approved the rezoning allowing the proposal to begin the proposal of putting together a planning application with the final stop being the Tasmanian Planning Commission approval. If it is successful a development application will be submitted to the state government. As you can see, when a proposal is made it has to go through a variety of steps, countless polishes before it is sent to the state government.
viii. Outline the environmental impacts/ consequences concerns. How can these be managed/overcome?
The environmental impacts and concerns the develop will bring is that it will destroy historical aboriginal sites, bring pollution, impact fragile nesting areas, change lifestyle and etc. Many of these can be overcome by respecting areas and removing wastes (plastics) the right way. As this redevelopment will target foreigners it is important to educate them about our wildlife and how to take care for it, ensuring they know the do’s and don’ts. As education is the key. The local governments could also help fund some services to help protect areas which are under threat to make sure they are maintained in perfect condition and the resort should use renewable energy with smart eco-friendly building designs. The concern of a lifestyle (environment) change from a quiet town to a busy one would be unnerving for some residents who have been accustomed to the peaceful lifestyle. To overcome this is to make sure the developer takes a slow approach, gently easing the residents to be comfortable in their new environment.