Health

Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care Organisation

Contents
TOC o “1-3” h z u Introduction PAGEREF _Toc513804269 h 3LO-1 Understand how health and safety legislation is implemented PAGEREF _Toc513804270 h 41.1 Review systems, policies and procedures for communicating information on health and safety in the health and social care workplace in accordance with legislative requirements. PAGEREF _Toc513804271 h 41.2 Assess the responsibilities in a specific health and social care workplace for the management of health and safety in relation to organisational structures PAGEREF _Toc513804272 h 61.3 Analyse health and safety priorities appropriate for a specific health and social care workplace. PAGEREF _Toc513804273 h 8LO 2 Understanding the Ways in which Health and Safety Requirements Impact on Customers and the work of Practitioners in the Health and Social Care Workplace. PAGEREF _Toc513804274 h 92.1 Analysis on how Information from Risk Assessment informs Care Planning for Individuals and Organizational Decision making about Policies and Procedures PAGEREF _Toc513804275 h 92.2 Analysis on the Impact of One aspect of Health and Safety Policy on Health and Social Care Practice and its Customers PAGEREF _Toc513804276 h 112.3 Discussion on how Dilemmas Encountered in Relation to Implementing Systems and Policies for Health, Safety and Security may be addressed PAGEREF _Toc513804277 h 122.4 Analysis on the Effect of Non-compliance with Health and Safety Legislation in a Health and Social Care Workplace PAGEREF _Toc513804278 h 13LO-3 Understand the monitoring and review of health and safety in the health and social care workplace PAGEREF _Toc513804279 h 143.1 Explain how health and safety policies and practices are monitored and reviewed PAGEREF _Toc513804280 h 143.2 Promoting a Positive, Healthy and Safe Culture PAGEREF _Toc513804281 h 163.3 Evaluate own contributions to placing the health and safety needs of individuals at the centre of practice. PAGEREF _Toc513804282 h 17Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc513804283 h 18References PAGEREF _Toc513804284 h 19
IntroductionGood health is the key of all happiness so total populace is presently sufficiently wary in wellbeing and security mind. WHO and other wellbeing defensive associations are now giving pressure on systems, policies and procedures of healthcare organization. The context below will give a clear view of systems, practices and strategies and its impact in advancing well-being work environment. Here likewise have a dialog on predicaments in actualizing framework and policies and analysis of impact of aspect of safety policies in the perspective of Mid Staffordshire NHS Trust scenario that was taken place in between 2005 to 2008 CITATION Gar06 l 1033 (Garcarz, 2006).

LO-1 Understand how health and safety legislation is implemented1.1 Review systems, policies and procedures for communicating information on health and safety in the health and social care workplace in accordance with legislative requirements.System
Care planning: care planning gives the confirmation that there is a successful security technique have been occurred to execute the wellbeing strategies in person and organizational health and social care. In this regard the organization or individuals can meet these requirements through intensifying the prosperity of the workers, actualizing the standards of good practice and securities and addressing the requirements of representatives by improving securities. Care planning of Mid Staffordshire NHS trust was not effective enough for the patient Gillian Astbury.

Dilemmas: in health care and social care viable correspondence in working environment at times faces assortment of problems. To guarantee the adequacy of whole process there are some factors should be considered such as risk-benefits analysis, personal risk and risk to others, implications of resource use and different priorities of stakeholders CITATION Ree11 l 1033 (Reeves, 2011).
Management of safety and health: it is the responsibility of the organization to monitor and evaluate health and wellbeing strategies that are executed. This can be performed through review and evaluating the working environment by the utilization of administrative data system or management structure and representation. In Mid Staffordshire NHS trust there is a lacking in management high slandered and failure in agreement in managerial and leadership responsibilities CITATION Moo05 l 1033 (Moonie, 2005).

Personal and organizational practice: while implementing and communicating health and safety policies, systew3ems and procedures the procedures have a tendency to differ starting with one work environment then onto the next. Possess practices and methods, for example, person’s needs obligations, changes in practice and relation between clients or patients and employees were not performed fully in Mid Staffordshire NHS trust.
Safety and healthy environment: it is one of the most earnest arrangements and systems in correspondence of wellbeing and security mind. To lead a safety and healthy environment Mid Staffordshire NHS trust should insist on compliance, responsibilities, practices, training and how various groups, individuals and agencies interact.

Monitored and reviewed: this basically involves the survey of works on, evaluating of hazard and dangers, refreshing the techniques and arrangements and gaining as a matter of fact. Mid Staffordshire NHS trust has to monitor and investigate these things to avoid the mishap like the passing of Gillian Astbury. The trust leading body of this association sauntered and failed to listen the patient problems and giving proper care to them CITATION cqc18 l 1033 (cqc, 2018).
Policies and procedures
There are a number of legislation to support health and safety in the health and social care workplace. Such as:
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
Management of Health and Safety at work Regulations 1992
Health and Safety Regulations 1981
Food Safety Act 1990, Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995 and Food Safety (Temperature Control) Regulations 1995 CITATION And68 l 1033 (Andersen, 1968)1.2 Assess the responsibilities in a specific health and social care workplace for the management of health and safety in relation to organisational structures
Health and safety in the health and social care workplace are planned by government institutions as well as non-government institutions in UK. The government of UK has a health care and public health system.

In this context, here, what steps should be taken priority for a disabled individual’s health and social care workplace discussed below.
Honesty with patient: in a healthcare organization the management concerned must ensure that patients are completely informed about his problem and projected treatment otherwise failure in treatment can seriously compromises patient and social trust. The nurses of Mid Staffordshire NHS trust must notice the medical report but they didn’t that maybe they were not honest and concern to the patient
Professional competence: physician must be committed to lifelong learning and to be responsible to the enough recognized satisfactory to remedy a patient to provide satisfactory health care otherwise affected person may be go under important and unstable quarter even to death. Both healthcare organization and individuals ought to perceive the capabilities to manipulate the deal with the patient. In Mid Staffordshire NHS agree with the nurses were failed to that Gillian Astbury was diabetic and she needed regular doses of insulin due to their lack of competency.

Improving quality of care: health care corporation need to be devoted to continuous development in excellent health care. They ought to take steps to reduce medical errors, increase patient safety; minimizing the overuse of resources etc. the high-quality of care of Mid Staffordshire NHS consider is open for claiming. Its nurses are not careful as well as its management teams also callous to the patient requires CITATION edu16 l 1033 (educare, 2016).
Maintaining trust: medical professionals and organization have opportunities to compromise their duty and treatment however it’s far affectedly dangerous to the affected person. they have got the obligation to apprehend and reveal feasible procedure and steps to the public. They should avoid the conflict of their personal interest to maintain trust.

Professional responsibility: it is necessary for healthcare enterprise to be respectful to their responsibility, growth in patient care, to participate inside the method of self-regulation. The team of nurses has not self-regulation and they are not respectful to their professional duty for why they cannot practice their response to the patient.

Maintaining code of ethics: every professional healthcare organization must have its code of ethics and should maintain this code. Recent study of WHO showed that duty to care is not addressed formally in most professional codes of ethics and Mid Staffordshire NHS trust was supposed to having its code of ethics for its own CITATION hea18 l 1033 (health-ni.gov, 2018).

1.3 Analyse health and safety priorities appropriate for a specific health and social care workplace.In this context, here, what steps should be taken priority for a disabled individual’s health and social care workplace discussed below.
Individual Health Context:
At first it is needed to understand disabled individual’s behavior.

To discover the reasons behind such behavior.

After discovering the causes treatment will be started.
To give help dealing with the social issues and environment.

To cooperate disabled individual managing his or her anger.
It must be tried to know about the improvement of his or her health conditions according to the guidelines for communicating such individual.

Individual Safety Context:
To take a disabled individual such secured place where risky electric line not present.

To take free the care workplace from dangerous tools; such as: stab.

To take free from taking drug.

To stay fire safety if he or she is a smoker.

For such disabled individual is also needed the specific and relevant information. By creating perfect relationship between the individuals and health care workers this information can be provided. Here, must include:
Organizational and services transparency must be ensured.

Public access must be guaranteed in the health and social care workplace.
Effective sources and choice availability must be ensured.

It is important to maintain relationship and communication between services takers and providers.
Finally new policy must be taken and implemented.
LO 2 Understanding the Ways in which Health and Safety Requirements Impact on Customers and the work of Practitioners in the Health and Social Care Workplace.
2.1 Analysis on how Information from Risk Assessment informs Care Planning for Individuals and Organizational Decision making about Policies and ProceduresInformation on health and social care workplace services is an important part for getting, taking and providing services in the fitness and protection putting. it could be singular care arranging and additionally authoritative primary management placing. risk administration is the best approach to look for data to distinguish the particular hazard in an individual based on patient age, habit, weigh, diseases position and vulnerability etc. CITATION Nem06 l 1033 (Nembhard, 2006). Here is an assumed risk assessment information table that has changed decision making of the organization.

Figure: Assumed risk information Table
Source: (nsw.gov.au 2009)
Information from risk assessment highly necessary to arrange care designing for people and structure higher cognitive because the care designing process is often underpinned by information that has been gathered and shared from risk assessment. Information from risk assessment has a far-reaching impact on decision making for individuals and organization.

Risk management policy is the basis of basic leadership for association and in addition people. Hazard evaluation data goes out on a limb administration intend to survey, diminish and oversee distinguished hazard to the administration clients, human services stuffs and members of the public. On the other hand, this information helps to construct proper safety and healthy environment. As the information gives the total view of patient and clients organization have to change their steady policy and force them to take instant action.

To deduct death and permanent disability employer or man or woman have to trade they’re being concerned policy and accentuate the duty time and effectiveness. If the information informs the care planning that patient needed long-term treatment and enquiry they have to expand due days and have to engage more physicians.

2.2 Analysis on the Impact of One aspect of Health and Safety Policy on Health and Social Care Practice and its CustomersIn UK, there are various kinds of health and safety policies in the context of health and social care workplace. These policies cover different aspect related to health and social care. These policies have positive impact as well as have some limitations and negative impact. Such policies are:
Health and Safety Regulations 1981
Food Safety Act 1990, Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995 and Food Safety (Temperature Control) Regulations 1995
2.3 Discussion on how Dilemmas Encountered in Relation to Implementing Systems and Policies for Health, Safety and Security may be addressedIn UK, policies for health, safety and security are not only give positive impact it also creates dilemma in relation to implement. Dilemma refers to a situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially equally undesirable ones.

Health and safety risk in supply chain: organizations have some system and safety policies in place that ensures safe workplace accordance with national laws but third-party supplies may have not health and safety measures, sometimes that results unsafe workplace and higher rate of accidents.
Maintaining high technology: health and social care organizations are auspicious of developing high system and policies in their workplaces; so they try to apply high technology to provide high quality of services. For this purpose, when they try to import high technology they have to count large amount of taxes. The operator and installation manpower also not available.
High levels of corruptions: health and safety care organization try to higher services in their organizations so they make policy and systems in this regard but due to corruptions in government inspectors and all level of workers they hardly can do this. Taking bribes these inspectors allows harmful and lower qualified product to the third party. On the other hand, inner bribers are also the dilemma in implementing policies.

Public negligence: sometimes organizations fall in dilemma in implementing their policy and practices as some practices are have to be performed by the all public related to the organization. So public and workers’ negligence become hindrance to their policy implication in health and safety care workplaces.

2.4 Analysis on the Effect of Non-compliance with Health and Safety Legislation in a Health and Social Care WorkplaceIf health and social care providers as well as takers are non-compliance with health and safety legislation in the health and social care workplace it will different effect. Effect of such non-compliance is broadly two kinds; personal and professional. Personal effect of non-compliance includes: injuries, health implications and fatalities. Professional effect of non-compliance includes: disciplinary action, prosecution, fines and closure of the setting.

LO-3 Understand the monitoring and review of health and safety in the health and social care workplace
3.1 Explain how health and safety policies and practices are monitored and reviewedHazards from health or social care setting
Potential hazards that may arise from each in a health or social care setting such as:
Hazards can happen from the following:
Equipment
Infections
Substances
Working conditions
Working practices
Security systems
Equipment is the objects that are used for a particular purpose such as equipment that is inside a room can cause many prospective hazards. In this case, the setting is a lounge. A potential hazard that can take place from a piece of equipment such as lighting – if the lighting in the room is too bright, it can cause sight problems such as weak eyesight or watery eyes if the lighting is too low. There is a high chance of someone tripping or falling over things because it is too dark and people are not able to see where they are going or what they are doing. This is both harmful to the service user as well as the staff and visitors.
To reduce the risk of this, you should check the lighting and make sure the wattage/voltage of the bulbs and check the lights to see if it is okay to use. You should also ask the people that will be in constant use of the lighting to see if they have any sight issues with it.Secondly Working conditions are the circumstances that you must work in.Working conditions are extremely important when in a health and social care setting; reason behind this is because if a place is unhygienic, it is dangerous for both patients and staff to work in, also because cross-contamination can take place such as infections from other people can be contagious. To reduce this risk, you should make sure that all procedures that take place, are secure and clean – both staff, patient and all working areas.Similarly working practices is the jobs that you do whilst caring for people.I0t is important to follow all procedures and rules whilst working in a health and social care
setting, such as you do not want to put yourself at risk or danger as well as others. When moving and handling patients, it is important that you manoeuvre them properly and safely because you do not want to harm them or harm yourself. An example of this can be using safety harnesses. To reduce the risk of harming yourself and others whilst using a safety harness, you should check regularly before using it to make sure that it works, if it is appropriate to use and you should also know how to use it properly. Moreover security systems could be a hazard prospect – safe procedures taken place for the protection of people is extremely important that security procedures are in place and intact at all working areas, the reason for this is because the safety of people is very important in places such as a hospital as well as other health and social care settings. This is because you want to reduce risk from other accidents from occurring. To reduce the risk of this, all working areas (such as a hospital) should have security guards as well as modern technology to detect any potential hazards or danger whereas staff must have ID in order to be recognized by other members of staff, patients and visitors. security systems for the physical environment should already be known by all members of staff such as:locking doors and windows so patients do not escape as well as trespassers do not enter the building to harm someone, all files should be kept safe and secure whether it is written or stored on a computer, it should only be reachable by a person with access and authority. All cupboards containing medical equipment should be locked up as anyone can cause damage and harm to people as well as equipment that they do not know of.
3.2 Promoting a Positive, Healthy and Safe CultureEffectiveness of health and safety policies depends on promoting health and social care workplace. Promoting health and social care focuses on a number of factors. Such as: the organizational environment, the promotion of healthy lifestyles and non-occupational factors.Promoting a positive safety culture can mean the contrast amongst damage and zero mischief, or even life and demise. Finding a way to prepare and illuminate staff about wellbeing, security and prosperity isn’t just ethically right, but on the other hand is important to meet administrative requirements. Utilising our health, safety and well-being guides as a constant visual display is a positive way to encourage health and safety in the workplace, also, has the additional advantage of intuitive Increased Reality (AR) segments to connect with staff amid wellbeing training sessions CITATION hea18 l 1033 (health-ni.gov, 2018).

Here are 12 ways to promote a positive safety culture in your workplace, as featured on the health and safety handbook website:
?
Conduct a thorough workplace risk assessment.

Thoroughly investigate all incidents and near misses, and examine the root cause.

Communicate all changes in equipment and work processes to workers.

Encourage workers to report health and safety concerns.

Respond promptly to all health and safety issues you become aware of.

Measure and support any changes required.

Implement positive changes in values and attitudes towards workplace health and safety.

Develop a safety leadership culture at all levels of the business and ensure all leaders of the business uphold the principles of a positive safety culture.

Make health and safety of primary importance when inducting new workers into the workplace, e.g. include the health and safety policy in induction material.

Make health and safety part of all workplace communications.

Install a safety noticeboard to clearly communicate the latest safety information.

Promote and attend safety training sessions.

3.3 Evaluate own contributions to placing the health and safety needs of individuals at the centre of practice.There are two points of evaluation. One is personal evaluation; another is the professional evaluation. As an own contribution to health and safety, it is important to ensure own actions reducing risk to health and safety. It includes identifying the hazards, evaluating the risk, knowing the responsibilities, making and applying policies as well as monitoring and reporting. Every competent manager may have some commitment to putting the wellbeing and security needs of people in the focal point of training and also I have a few commitments in this level. In the focal point of training, I initially distinguished some arrangement such as non-smoking policy, policy on use of drugs furthermore, liquor and housekeeping strategy. With these strategies, I attempted to lead a wellbeing situation. I oversaw composed methods in the reason for averting ailment and harm and control perils at their source. In these composed methods I included identification and assessment of the risks, risk control and reporting possible hazards, issue regulation, consultation on the proposed change, work environment examinations, contributing occurrences and issues with restorative issues. I expect that my contributions to placing the placing the health and safety needs will be effective in my organization.

Conclusion
Finally, we can say that Health and security is a fundamental thought though experts in wellbeing and social couldn’t care less and this unit will empower students to build up a comprehension of the importance of continually monitoring the implementation of health and safety legislation and policies within any health and social care setting. The long discussion regarding frameworks, strategies, administration process and practices, recognizable proof and examination of Mid Staffordshire NHS Confide in disappointment and further treatment will help the curious and health and safety care individuals and organization to implicate the learning in the workplace.
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