Health care associated infections Health care acquired infractions have been one of the most common problems that occur thought the county in the health care setting

Health care associated infections
Health care acquired infractions have been one of the most common problems that occur thought the county in the health care setting. According to the CDC centers for disease control, health care associated infections are defined as “infections that occur during the hospitalization of a patent, but are neither present nor incubating upon the patient’s admission to the hospital”. Generally, health care associated infection includes infections that befall between 48 to 72 hours after admission and within 10 days after hospital discharge. The presence of health care associated infections in the health care setting has been well documented throughout, hospitals, long-term care, home care, and ambulatory care facilities. HAIs originally were referred to as a nosocomial infection nonetheless the term now includes infections acquired during or after a person receives health care treatment. These unexpected infections occur during the course of patient’s treatment in the health care setting and could result in terminal illness or deaths. Most of the health care associated infections are preventable but, they are prevalent and continue to spread because of negligence, lack of patient safety issues, or decreased quality of care.
Health care associated infections can occur in various types of health care settings. It can be spread to others patients through direct and indirect means of transmission such as droplets, airborne and common vehicle of transmission. Microorganism can be can be transmitted through direct cross contamination form an infected patient to another susceptible individual. The patient’s disease causing microorganism can be carried (without casing infection) by the skin or the cloth of the health care worker and then transferred to the venerable patient that could develop an infection as a result of being exposed to the organism. Microorganisms that can be spread by contact include those associated with impetigo, abscess, diarrheal diseases, scabies, and antibiotic-resistant organisms (e.g., methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA and vancomycin-resistant enterococci VRE.
In addition to direct contact, health care associate infections can be transmitted through droplets and air born spreads. During patient treatment droplets produced for the patient’s body in the form of sneezing, coughing, bronchoscopy’s can be spread and directly deposited on to another patents moth , skin or nearby by environmental surfaces . Then this contaminated droplets form the surfaces can be touched by a healthy person and this could result in being exposed to droplet infection.