ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING RESEARCH
Long ago students were sensitive about highlighting ethical problems they faced during their research and academic work. This is not the same today where academicians tend to seek for opinions from friends on issues regarding to research. Discussing intellectual property frankly reduces probability of a disagreement about who is supposed to get the credit of the piece of work. Many people will not want to appear as selfish but its healthy to settle these issues at the premature stage to avoid future brushing of shoulders with colleagues. However, it is of essence to note that even the good plots fail.
In regards to being conscious of multiple roles academician should avoid relationships that will cripple their performance. Many kinds of multiple relationships are considered unethical provided they are anticipated to have extensive effects. However, psychologists should think cautiously before getting into multiple relationships with any individual such as customers in research studies. One of the most common responsibilities for researchers is being a role model and a supervisor to students they also teach in class. They also need o avoid abusing power differential between themselves and students.
Researchers should follow informed-consent rules. This aimed at ensuring that individuals willingly take part in a certain research work fully aware of possible risks and profits. Researchers shuld inform participants about; the purpose of carrying out the research, ability to quit the research after it has commenced and the consequences of quitting, benefits of the research, level of confidentiality. According to Koocher, Dean of Simmons College’s School for Health Studies, the federal standard is that the person must have complete information that may affect their willingness to participate in a form that they can understand and comprehend. Psychologists conducting a research should inform participants about the purpose of the research and procedures, rights to quit the research team after its commencing and the consequences of their actions, level of confidentiality.
Researchers are identifying an array of beneficial outcomes arising from “ethical leadership,” including increased willingness of employees to use voice to improve their organization, greater employee job satisfaction and sense of well?being, and increased trust in organization leaders, both from employees and the public (see, e.g., Bedi, Alpaslan, and Green 2015; Hassan 2015; Wang and Van Wart 2007)