Indoor Outdoor
Milestones Date Observed Remarks Date Observed Remarks
Walks alone 23/8/2018 26/8/2018 When he was walking barefooted, he would tiptoe.

Pulls toys behind him while walking 23/8/2018 While he was dragging his toy bike from his back, he would turn his body to look at his toy bike. Not Observed Carries large toy or several toys while walking 23/8/2018 Aiden picks up 4 plastic balls to shift it from the living room to the master bedroom. Not Observed Runs stiffly 23/8/2018 26/8/2018 Walks to the ball 23/8/2018 Not Observed Climbs onto and down from furniture unsupported 23/8/2018 He uses his left hand to pull the mattress cover to lift/support him up while climbing up the mattress. Not Observed Walks up and down stairs holding on to support Not Observed 26/8/2018 FINE
Scribbles spontaneously 26/8/2018 With his left hand, he holds the crayon by using the fisted grasp to scribble. Not Observed Turns over container to pour out contents 23/8/2018 While he was eating cereal, he uses both of his hands to hold his bowl and overturn the bowl. Not Observed Builds tower of four blocks or more 23/8/2018 When his parent showed him how to stack up a few pieces of blocks, he tries to imitate by picking up the blocks by using the pincer grasp and placed it on top of the other blocks. Not Observed Completes simple knobbed wooden puzzles of 3 to 4 pieces Not Observed Not Observed LANGUAGE/COMMUNICATION
Says “no” with meaning 26/8/2018 While he was playing with plastic balls, his sister came and picked up a ball. When he saw what his sister did, he took the ball away from his sister and says, “No.” 26/8/2018 Follows simple, one-step instructions 23/8/2018 26/8/20118 Says several single words 23/8/2018 26/8/2018 He was forming sounds to try and communicate with his sister.

Recognizes names of familiar people, objects, and body parts 23/8/2018 When his mum calls his name out, he would turn to her direction and look at her. Not Observed Points to show someone what he/she wants 23/8/2018 He pointed out to a cake and said, “Tu!” which means, ‘That!’ in malay. 26/8/2018 Points to object or picture when it’s named for them 26/8/2018 When he was asked to take the tissue, he went over to pull out a tissue from the tissue box. Not Observed Repeats words overheard in conversations Not Observed 26/8/2018 Uses two-word sentences Not Observed Not Observed COGNITIVE (LEARNING, THINKING, PROBLEM SOLVING)
Knows what ordinary things are for; for example, telephone, brush, spoon 23/8//2018 Aiden picks up his mum’s phone and placed it over his right ear. Not Observed Points to get the attention of others 26/8/2018 Aiden points out to his toy bike that was placed out of his reach. When was helped, he clapped his hands. 26/8/2018 Shows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed Not Observed Not Observed Point to one body part Not Observed Not Observed Scribbles on his or her own 23/8/2018 Not Observed Can follow 1-step verbal commands without any gestures; for example, sits when you say “sit down” 23/8/2018 During his nap time, Aiden’s mum told him, “Go to sleep”. He placed his head down the mattress and covers his eyes by using his hands. 26/8/2018 Finds objects even when hidden under 2 or 3 covers 23/8/2018 When I place his bolster under the blanket, he showed me a shock expression by opening his eyes and mouth very widely. Then, he tries to pull the blanket up to retrieve back his bolster. Not Observed Will listen to short story book with pictures 23/8/2018 Not Observed Begins to sort shapes and colours 26/8/2018 When he was introduced to colour sorting by his mother by using lego, he does not seem to show an interest and start to jumble the colours up. Not observed Begins make-believe play Not Observed Not Observed SELF-HELP
Starts to feed self with spoon, with some spilling 23/8/2018 He uses his right hand to feed himself the biscuit. Not Observed Likes to play with food when eating 23/8/2018 Not Observed Can put shoes on with help Not Observed 26/8/2018 He tries to fit his legs in his shoes. As he appeared to be having difficulty, he took off his shoes and brought it to me for help.

Can open doors by turning knobs 26/8/2018 Not Observed Can drink from open cup, with some spilling Not Observed Not Observed Can undress self with help Not Observed Not Observed SOCIAL/EMOTIONAL
Likes to hand things to others as play 23/8/2018 He picks up a plastic ball and passes it to me. 26/8/2018 May have temper tantrums 23/8/2018 When he was asked to keep his toys to take a bath, he began to throw a temper tantrum. 26/8/2018 May be afraid of strangers Not Observed 26/8/2018 When a stranger smiled to him, he smiled back and shook his head.

Shows affection to familiar people 23/8/2018 26/8/2018 Imitates behaviour of others, especially adults and older children 23/8/2018 26/8/2018 Increasingly enthusiastic about companying other children Not Observed 26/8/2018 Aiden holds a 6 years old boy’s hands wanting to play with him.

Demonstrates increasing independence 23/8/2018 Not Observed Begins to show defiant behaviour 23/8/2018 When he wants more food but was stopped by his mother, he began to cry and throw a temper tantrum. Not Observed Explores alone but with parent/caregiver close by 23/8/2018 Not Observed DEVELOPMENT RED FLAGS (12 TO 24 MONTHS)
Cannot walk by 18 months Not Observed Not Observed Fails to develop a mature heel-toe walking pattern after several months of walking, or walks exclusively on toes Not Observed Not Observed Does not speak at least 15 words by 18 months Not Observed Not Observed Does not use unique two-word phrases by age 2 (more milk, big dog, mommy help) Not Observed Not Observed By 15 months does not seem to know the function of common household objects (brush, telephone, cup, fork, spoon) Not Observed Not Observed Doesn’t point to show things to others Not Observed Not Observed Does not imitate actions or words by 24 mos. Not Observed Not Observed Does not follow simple one-step instruction by 24 mos. Not Observed Not Observed Cannot identify self Not Observed Not Observed Cannot form a two-word phrase Not Observed Not Observed Cannot hold and use a spoon or cup for eating and drinking Not Observed Not Observed Does not display a wide array of emotions (anger, fear, happy, excited, frustrated) Not Observed Not Observed
Summary Report
Name of child: Aiden Sharif Bin Abdullah
Gender: Male
Age: 23 months
Physical feature: Height & Weight
Health/Medical Condition: Has eczema.

Family background:
Staying with both parents and sister.

Parents work status: Father is working as a full time Engineer in SIA while, mother operates her own business as a Gift Tray décor.

Aiden is the first child then came his younger sister, Alya Sharifa.

Aiden’s interest: Prefers older children.

Aiden’s likes: Eating.

Aiden’s dislikes: When being disturbed by younger sister.

Aiden’s family practices speaking in English and Malay.

Following his parent’s race, he is a Muslim.

All detailed information above was given by Aiden’s parents.

Aiden was observed twice in the same week, totalling 10 hours. It was observed in his home with the presence of his mum and younger sister.

For Aiden’s physical development, he was able to demonstrate confident gross and fine motor abilities throughout his physical movements walking and running on his own. He is also able to utilize his body movements for example, when he was pulling his toy bike from his back, he could turn his body around. It has been observed that he is able to use his hand-eye coordination when he was using the crayon to scribble all over the paper. With his left hand, he holds the crayon by using the fisted grasp to scribble. I noticed that he was able to use some of the grips, in particular, Palmer grasp, fisted grasp, and pincer grasp. For his age group, he is progressing well for his gross motor and fine motor skills.

As for his cognitive/intellectual development, he is able to communicate and express himself by verbally using simple language amid his social interactions. He has likewise established labelling words and could understand commands. For example, when his mum calls out his name; he would turn in her direction and look at her. During his nap time, when he was asked to sleep with his mum, he would place his head on the mattress and covers both of his eyes by using his hands. He is able to identify the usage of some things, such as the utilization of the telephone. He picked up his mum’s phone and instantly place it over his right ear. He is able to demonstrate the skill of helping himself until the point when he realise that he could not manage on his own, and then he would request for help by showing gestures and pointing to the item that he needs help with. For instance, when he could not reach out for his toy bike, he would call his mum out to assist him with getting the toy bike down. However, when he was demonstrate by his mum to colour sorting, he does not show an interest to it.

For his emotional/affective development, he was able to express his needs and wants by using simple language and gestures. For example, after he was assisted with bringing down his toy bike, he would express himself by applauding both of his hands as a form of satisfaction. When his sister took a ball away from him, he was able to say “No” to show that he refuses to share the plastic toy with her. He also demonstrates temper tantrums when he is unhappy particularly when he was stopped by his mum from doing the things which he prefers; when he was told to keep the toys and he did not get more food than what he wanted.

Lastly, for his social growth development, Aiden appears to be confident when interacting with the people whom he is able to identify. When a stranger gave him a smile, he returned the stranger back with a smile however, it was noticed that he demonstrates a feeling of fear as he shook his head, to convey himself to the stranger. It has been also identified that he was not able to apply the social skills of taking turns or sharing things. For example, when his younger sister wants to play with his toy, he would grab the toy away from her.

Through the observation, there are some of the theories from different researchers that studies and understand child development in different areas.

In one of the observation, I did a test on Jean Piaget’s theory in Object Permanence where I hid Aiden’s bolster under his blanket, and he was able to retrieve it back by lifting the blanket up. This shows that he has achieved the sensorimotor developmental milestone where coordination of sensory input and motor responses develop object permanence. Piaget believes that children at the age of 18 to 24 months, they are able to form mental representations of objects. Since they can symbolically imagine things that cannot be seen, they are now able to understand object permanence.

During the observation, I could also notice that Aiden is able to imitate his mum. When his mum showed him the method on how to stack up a few pieces of blocks, he observed and followed by picking up the blocks and placing it on top of the other blocks. There are other behaviours that I believed he has learned through observation. For example, when he uses the phone and placed it over his ear. This social learning theory was developed by Albert Bandura (1977) where his theory proposes that learning can occur through observation and imitation of the behaviours displayed by others.

He has also demonstrated a sense of dependant on someone when he needs assistance. For example, Aiden was experiencing difficulty in trying to put on his shoe on his own. When he realises that he could not put on his shoe by himself, he seeks for help through someone who is older. Lev Vygotsky’s theory, it views cognitive development as a socially mediated process, in which children rely on assistance from adults and more expert peers as they acquire knowledge and problem solve.

Based on the information gathered by his parent, Aiden is more attached to his dad as compared to his mum. When his dad has left for work, he seeks secure attachment from his mum. As his mum gave birth to his younger sister when he was at the age of___, he tends to show more affection towards his mother after the birth of his sister.
They also have a strong culture practice in their religion as an Islam. When I came over to their house, Aiden would greet and welcome me by grabbing my right hand and kisses it. After his mum and dad say their blessing and supplication to him, he would return them with “Aamiin” while using both of his palms to give a quick wipe over his face. Before he goes to sleep, he would recite his supplication. This is due to the enforcement that his parent has nurtured and influenced him that he is able to emulate their actions.

Areas of improvement for child Recommended activity
Gross Motor He progresses well in his gross motor. Fine Motor He progresses well in his fine motor. Cognitive He does not show an interest in colour sorting. Language He has not spoken two-word sentences yet. Socio-emotional He was not able to apply the social skills of taking turns or sharing things.