By the 1800s, shogunate japan started heading downhill. Crop failure and unreasonably high taxation caused hardship for many people. As a result of this, people staved. Farmers were forced to sell their land so that they could make some money. Because of this, they had to become tenant farmers. The taxes for the poorer people increased rapidly and this caused many uprisings. The price of rice was extremely high so many people had little to eat as they could not afford much anymore. The samurai and daimyo classes also suffered as they fell into debts they could not repay. The Bakufu didn’t help the horrible situation for the poor, but instead cancelled all debts owed by the samurai and daimyos. They also abolished most merchants and craftspeople and forced peasants in the cities to go back to the countryside so that they could become farmers.