As of late

As of late, the development in the treatment of breast cancer is wondrous. Rather than having just one option or two, today there is a large menu of treatment. The decisions surgery, then maybe radiation, hormonal (anti-estrogen) therapy, and/or chemotherapy.
1- The primary line of attack against breast cancer is surgery. People who have breast cancer have the chance to choose between one of the two types of surgery which are total removal of breast cancer (mastectomy) and breast-conserving surgery (lumpectomy) followed by radiation but under certain conditions. The first type is mastectomy which is the elimination of all the breast tissue. It is more defined and less intrusive than it used to be because, in almost condition, the muscles under the breast are no longer removed. The other type is lumpectomy that removal of just tumor and a little amount of surrounding tissue.
2- To weaken and destroy cancer cells in patient’s body, contain cells at the original cancer site and any other cancer cells that might have spread to another part of the body, doctors use chemotherapy ‘chemo’. It affects the whole body because it moves through the bloodstream. Chemotherapy has many drugs. Doctors use a combination of two or more drugs for chemotherapy treatment for breast cancer, in many cases. It used to treat early-stage breast cancer by get rid of any cancer cells left after surgery and lower the risk of recurrence.
In some cases, before the surgery chemotherapy is given to contract cancer. In advanced-stage breast cancer also used chemotherapy to harm and break down the cancer cells as much as possible.
3- After surgery, there may be some cancer cells that stick to the breast and to treat it in a highly targeted and highly effective way radiation therapy is used. Although most patient fear, radiation therapy is generally easy to tolerate and its side effects are limited to the treated area.
4- Hormonal therapy medicines treat hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer in two various ways. The first way is making the hormone estrogen less in a patient’s body. The other way is blocking the action of estrogen on breast cancer cells. The ovaries make most of the estrogen in ladies’ bodies. Estrogen makes hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer grow. So lowering the measure of estrogen or block its action can lower the risk of early-stage hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer recurrence after surgery. Also, it used to shrink or slow the growth of advanced-stage. The type of hormonal therapy medicines that a patient will take depends on several factors including breast cancer stage, menopausal status, bone density, and other factors. On the other side, hormonal therapy medicines are not successful against hormone-receptor-negative breast cancers.
Side effect;
Treatments of breast cancer can cause many adverse effects on the person who takes them. Also, they affect people in several methods. The effect can be on the blood by reducing the ability of bone marrow which make red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets that leads anemia, infection, and bleeding. Also, they have general effects such as a hair loss, Fatigue, diarrhea, and change in the weight.