Education is the most powerful, influential weapon or tool which you can use for revolution in the world. Information and communications are closely linked to power and the ability to affect transformation. ICT is an authority term that comprises any communication device or application, incorporating: radio, television, cellular phones, computer internet, wide area network facilities etc. Generally the majorities of Indian women are still tradition bound and are in disadvantageous position. ICTs are developing as a powerful tool for women empowerment in a developing country like India.
IndexTerms – ICT, Women, Empowerment, Education
In developing countries like India women are ill-treated in various sectors of society Submissiveness, modesty and servility is in their nature because of the inequality they are facing. In spite of the great growth of education in many countries women are still not measured as equal gender everywhere in society. The status of women is considered to be inferior even after her great contribution to society. It is the right time for women to stand for her. Women empowerment is a hot issue these days. Various NGOs are working for the improvement of women and give them training for self-independence. In India government is also taking this matter completely serious and has declared various policies in service of women. In this scenario Information and Communication Technology is also playing an important role. Through ICT women are getting security, awareness, knowledge, employments, confidence, popularity etc. This paper takes into notice the role of Information and Communication Technology in women empowerment. Here various cases have been discussed to give a light on the changes ICT has brought to the society. It also recommends the steps to be taken for women empowerment through ICT. (9)
The strength of ICT for inspiring economic growth, socioeconomic development and good governance is very well accepted, the paybacks of ICT have been unevenly distributed within and between countries. Poverty, illiteracy, lack of computer literacy and language hurdles are among the factors impeding access to ICT infrastructure, especially in developing countries. Another difficulty pertains to ICT is lack of its admission to women. (10 &11) ICT can be a commanding catalyst for political and social empowerment of women, and the elevation of gender equality (10).
II WHY WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IS IMPORTANT?
Empowerment of Women is about is to provide platform them to stand on their own feet without support them take decisions in their life without any constraint of relatives or the society. This topic of women empowerment has been one of the most intense and generally discussed issues worldwide including our own country for many years.(6)
Women create roughly 50% of the nation’s population and a majority of them remain economically dependent, without employment. Many of them are even uninformed of the detail that they are eligible for positions that men enjoy. In country like India, women have been constantly made a topic of honor killings and they have never been given their basic rights for appropriate education, liberty and freedom in society. They are victims who have to face day to day problems, exploitation and other several ill treatments in this male dominated society and this patriarch society. In our country India, there is a high level of gender inequality where women are ill-treated by their family members, supporters as well as outsiders.
The main important in women empowerment is to make them well educated, cultured and leave them free so that they are proficient to take their own decisions in any field or in domestic problems. So there is need of the day is to empower women so that they can be self-determining and not be dependent on men of our country to support them and take care of them. The women of our country must be strong broad minded and matured in taking their own decisions. Decision making in national topics or any other topics of our society should also motivate and encourage participation of women. (6)
The meaning of the women Empowerment means that to growing and improving the social, economic, political and legal strength of the women, it also means to five guarantee of equal-right to women. It is also said it is make them confident enough to privilege their rights, such as:
• Easily live their life with a sense of self-worth, esteem and dignity.
• Have whole control of their life, both within and outside of their home and workplace.
• To make their own selections and decisions, have equal rights to contribute in social, religious and public and economical activities,
• Have equal social status in the society as men
• Have equal rights for social and economic justice,
• Determine financial and economic choices.
• Get equal opportunity for education in college or universities by reservations or any other policy.
• Get equal employment opportunity in all sectors without any gender bias,
• Get safe and comfortable working environment in all work areas and companies.
III WHAT IS ICT?
Information and communications technology (ICT) refers to all the newer technology used to handle telecommunications, broadcast and TV media, intelligent building management systems, audiovisual processing and transmission systems, and network-based control and monitoring functions.
ICT is frequently considered an extended synonym for information technology (IT), its scope is broader. ICT has more recently been used to describe the conjunction of several technologies and the use of common transmission lines carrying very diverse data and communication types and formats. (7)
IV ROLE OF ICTS IN GENDER EMPOWERMENT
Now a days the concept of Gender Equality is a common worry over the world. Due to the introduction of ICTs it has acquired new dimensions to it. ICT has the potential to bring about change and development to a nation and has already started taking these steps in different areas like education, etc. Information and communications technologies in recent years have been known as an effective tool for encouraging economic growth and sustainable development. With low usage costs and the ability to overcome distance, ICTs have revolutionized the transfer of knowledge and information around the world.
V ICT AND WOMEN
Like other developing world In India also women play a central role in family, community and social development of country. However, women often remain imperceptible and uignored. Women have to balance the complexities of surviving in extreme poverty, up till now these women are excluded from discussion because they are often illiterate, they lack confidence and they lack mobility. ICT gives the chances for direct, interactive communication even by those who lack skills, who are illiterate or uneducated, lack mobility and have little self-confidence for their ability. Here are some aspects of life which have a direct effect of ICT specifically on women.
(i) Women’s increased admission to job Market and improve entrepreneurship using ICT
(ii) Increase of average household income in villages in rural areas.
(iii) Women empowerment
(iv) Shrinking Information Asymmetry through ICT.
(v) Improved Governance and Authority
(vi) Indigenous Knowledge
(vii) Easy-Family communication
(viii) Increase Social awareness.